Use of Exposomes to Assess Astronaut Health

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J. R. Cain (2018), JBIS, 71, pp.112-116

Refcode: 2018.71.112
Keywords: Hazards, health risks, exposure, exposomes, bio-markers

This short paper discusses the potential hazards and exposure health risks of space exploration and the need for astronauts to be able to prevent the development of disease. The concept of exposomes as a measure of all environmental exposures over a lifetime is defined including the use of exposomes as an astronautical hygiene tool to assess the risks to health. The application of exposomics and “Omic” based technologies by the use of bio-markers of disease to measure exposure is also discussed. This will be followed by two examples of the application of exposome technology to identify extra-terrestrial environmental exposure and to prevent the development of astronaut disease during spaceflight and during living and working in a Martian colony.

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