International Safety Regulation and Standards for Space Travel and Commerce

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J. N. Pelton; R. Jakhu (2009), JBIS, 62, 294-302

Refcode: 2009.62.294
Keywords: Commercial Space Systems and Commercial Spaceports, European Aviation Safety Agency (EASA), Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO), Outer Space Affairs Treaty, Space Debris, U.N. Committee on the Peaceful Uses of Outer Space (COPUOS)

The evolution of air travel has led to the adoption of the 1944 Chicago Convention that created the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO), headquartered in Montreal, Canada, and the propagation of aviation safety standards. Today, ICAO standardizes and harmonizes commercial air safety worldwide. Space travel and space safety are still at an early stage of development, and the adoption of international space safety standards and regulation still remains largely at the national level. This paper explores the international treaties and conventions that govern space travel, applications and exploration today and analyzes current efforts to create space safety standards and regulations at the national, regional and global level. Recent efforts to create a commercial space travel industry and to license commercial space ports are foreseen as means to hasten a space safety regulatory process.

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