From Homo Sapiens to Homo Cosmicus - Astronautics, Darwinism abd Historical Determinism

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G. Tolkowsky (2001), JBIS, 54, 255-261

Refcode: 2001.54.255
Keywords: Astronautics, cosmism, Darwinism, Marxism, theology

Since its inception in late-nineteenth century, astronautics has been viewed as a historical outcome of human evolution as well as a future driver thereof. The history of astronautics-related, evolutionary thought reveals a tension between the Darwinian notion of natural selection and that of homocosmic predestination - be it of dialectical materialistic or theological nature. One can detect the influence of this ideological diversity on the American and Soviet space programs.

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