A Proposed Mars Base Design Adopting a Horizontally Landed Bent Biconic Vehicle
D. Willson; J. D. A. Clarke (2005), JBIS, 58, 181-196Refcode
: Mars Exploration, Australia, Hab, Mars-oz, bent biconicAbstract:
Mars Society Australia has proposed the construction of a simulated Mars Base to explore the technical and physiological issues related to long term living on a similar base on Mars. The project is called MARS-OZ and is one of a series of similar projects constructed under the auspices of the international Mars Society. Others are located in Utah and Devon Island in the Canadian Arctic. A third has been built and will be deployed in Iceland. The MARS-OZ simulated base employs a different configuration from the other simulated Mars bases. Rather than consisting of vertical cylinders, MARS-OZ employs modules that are based on horizontally landed bent biconic lifting bodies. The MARS-OZ mission concept is based on the `Mars Semi-Direct' mission architecture, as used by NASA's design reference mission, resized to a four-person crew. This paper explores the technical issues underlying a horizontally landed bent biconic vehicle and demonstrates the feasibility of the unique MARS-OZ mission concept configuration. The issues of mission architecture, vehicle shape, vehicle mass, a Mars base assembly sequence and interior design to form an extendable long-term integrated base is dis- cussed and evaluated. We conclude that the configuration is overall superior to others with reference to both Mars landing and surface utilisation.
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